Home News Designers Hans J.Wegner – World famous seat design master

Hans J.Wegner – World famous seat design master

tiểu sử về hans j.wegner

Maybe the chairs you’ve ever sat on, or come across somewhere in your daily life are one of Hans J. Wegner’s designs. He is a famous Danish interior designer all over the world, the chairs he designed are sought after and loved. To Hans J. Wegner: “A chair is without a back. It will be beautiful from every angle and from every angle.” He is also one of the major influences on modern design in general. Many of Han J.Wegner’s chairs are considered masterpieces of the interior design industry and become collectors worldwide.

Biography of Hans J.Wegner

Among Danish interior designers, Hans J. Wegner (1914-2007) is considered one of the most creative and has the richest set of designs. Often referred to as the master of chairs, Wegner created nearly 500 pieces in his lifetime – many of which are considered masterpieces. The Wishbone Chair is his iconic chair and perhaps most famous, having been in continuous production since 1950.

Hans J.Wegner began an apprenticeship with Danish master cabinetmaker HF Stahlberg at the age of 14. He then moved to Copenhagen and attended the School of Arts and Crafts from 1936 to 1938 before becoming a furniture designer.

In 1938, Wegner was approached by architects and designers Arne Jacobsen and Erik Møller, and began to design the interior for the new Aarhus Town Hall. During the same period, Wegner began a collaboration with master furniture artist Johannes Hansen, who inspired the introduction of new furniture designs to the Danish public at the Copenhagen Cabinet Association Exhibitions. . It was the successful cooperation with Carl Hansen – one of the largest Danish furniture manufacturers that allowed him to reach out to a wide audience and develop his detailed and experimental working method. , which led to the creation of chairs thanks to a constant interest in natural materials and the intrinsic potential of wood.

tiểu sử về hans j.wegner
Hans J.Wegner is a Danish designer famous for his chair models

He then created over 500 templates for Stolen AP, FDB, Danish CWS, Getama, Carl Hansen, Fritz Hansen, CM Furniture, Planmobel, PP Mobler and Ry Mobler. He has designed the interior of the headquarters of major corporations. He later designed tubular steel furniture and 1960s Bull chairs and stools upholstered in leather. He is best known for his original chair designs, some of which are still in production today. Furniture, silverware, lamps and wallpaper are things in his collection. Johannes Hansens Mobelsnedkeri’s Pafuglestolen (Peacock) chair from 1947 has a striking curved wooden back.

Hans retired in 1993, but his daughter Marianna took over the studio to continue his stellar work and family legacy. Sadly, he passed away in 2007, but the success of his work and the great celebration of his contributions to the world of furniture design remain intact.

Featured in design by Hans J.Wegner

Wegner was one of the pioneers who created what is now known as the ‘Golden Age’ of modern Danish design. Wegner once said: “Many foreigners have asked me how we created the Danish style. “And I replied that it was an ongoing process of purification and simplification – to create the simplest possible design of four legs, one seat and one backrest and armrest combined.”

Here are the features in the seat design of Hans J.Wegner:

+/ Main wood material

Wegner’s works are built almost entirely of wood. He is passionate about furniture because he has worked with it since he was a child and trained as a cabinetmaker. Wegner used traditional construction materials such as upholstery, sticks and paper rope in addition to wood. The distinctive style of Wegner’s designs remains focused on conventional materials and meticulous finishing. Wegner, unlike his predecessors, did not focus on materials such as fiberglass, plastic, steel or polyurethane foam.

Because Wegner liked wood, he also created chairs that were not designed to be made of wood. Because a process for making a giant ring out of wood was inaccessible in 1965, Wegner created the Round Chair (PP130) with a steel ring. However, when it finally entered production in 1985, PP Mobler was able to build it entirely from wood.

+/ Variations from a theme

Wegner regularly draws inspiration from his designs when creating new chairs. Many of Wegner’s chairs were influenced by his earlier work. Henrik Sten Moller, a Danish art critic, titled his 1979 book Wegner Tema Med Variationer in a trend of exploration and development. Wegner’s past works.

There are four main variations of the China Chair. The first line of Chinese Chairs later inspired the Wishbone Chair. The Round Chair can be derived from the Cowhorn Chair and the Swing Chair.

Although the designs were inspired by previous products, customers were not bored with Wegner’s chairs. Because they are getting more and more perfect, more thorough, and always contain new elements.

+/ The craft factor is highly appreciated

Wegner says of his work, “I have always wanted to create something out of the ordinary with an exceptionally high quality.”

Traditional joinery techniques such as mortise and tenon, knuckles, and sculptural features such as armrests and chair holders are used in many of Wegner’s wooden chairs. Wegner used a mortise and mortise joint to link the arms in the center of the backrest in early round chair models. Wegner didn’t like exposed joints, so he wrapped the backrest around the cane to camouflage and hide the unattractive details. Wegner later changed the design to use a zigzag patterned knuckle to link the 3 components, displeased with the compromise and deceptive illusion that the arms and backrest were created from one piece. wood. The use of darker wood wedges in the tenon and tenon joints on the Peacock chair emphasizes the relationship of the legs to the seat.

Typical chair models in Wegner’s career

  1. Kennedy Chair

The kennedy chair – the chair was designed by the great designer Hans J.Wegner in 1950. The Kennedy chair has become a timeless legendary chair. This Danish style chair was voted by Interiors magazine as one of the most beautiful chairs in the world. During the first televised debate between US presidential candidates Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy in September 1960, this chair was chosen by CBS to be used in this program. The American CBS station revealed that the chair was trusted by President Kennedy because in addition to its formal and minimalist beauty, the chair also brought absolute comfort, especially for the back of the user. John Kennedy hailed it as the most beautiful chair in the world. It wasn’t long before the chair appeared in a variety of publications and was recognized worldwide for its impeccable beauty and Americans used the word The Chair to mean that this is a unique chair.

thiết kế ghế ngồi kennendy nổi tiếng thế giới
The Kennedy Chair aka the Presidential Chair
  1. Wishbone Chair

The Wishbone chair was designed by Hans J.Wegner himself in 1949, inspired by the classical portrait of a Danish merchant sitting on a Ming Dynasty chair. It is this work that has helped Denmark solidify its number one position in the field of modern interior design. Wishbone is considered the most successful work of Hans J.Wegner. This chair was produced in large numbers over the course of 50 years by main producer Carl Hansen & Son.

Currently, the frequency of Wishbone’s appearance in every home or in restaurants and eateries is very large, it is like a timeless work of art, transcending all times, challenging all ancient artists. as well as modern designers. The Wishbone chair requires 14 components, 100 distinct processes and extremely precise manipulations from highly skilled craftsmen, requiring impeccable craftsmanship and a profound knowledge of wood. Slight curve of the top with a “Y”-shaped backrest and firmly articulated seat, providing comfort for a variety of sitting positions, ideal for long conversations, dining tables Or sit back and relax. The chair is light, easy to move around the dining table as well as in the room.

mẫu ghế wishbone
Wishbone chair has elaborate processing technique and is loved by many customers
  1. Elbow chair

Designed in 1956 and first released in 2005, the Elbow chair is very suitable for dining rooms, cafes, restaurants … This design is inspired by the horns of a bull, with small armrests carrying absolute comfort. The purpose of creating the Elbow chair is to bring a sense of happiness. Because I feel protected by the arms and back hugging the body of the person sitting. The seat of the chair is upholstered with a moderate thickness of leather, creating a smooth feeling, bringing a luxurious and elegant beauty..

mẫu ghế elbow hiện đại
Elbow is a super simple chair design, suitable for modern style
  1. Shell relaxation chair

Although the chair was designed in 1960, it was only produced for a short time because consumers were annoyed with the sharp design. This chair was later re-released in the 1990s and has a greater appeal to contemporary consumers.

mẫu ghế thư giãn Shell
The chair is shaped like a smiling mouth
  1. Peacock chair

The Peacock Chair is inspired by the traditional Windsor chair. Wegner exaggerates the arched back, creating a high-backed yet airy chair. The posterior rotator cuffs are flattened in an area roughly equal to one’s shoulder blades, the visual result of which is evocative of the tail plumage of a bird.

Although the design of the chair is post-modern, it was actually manufactured in 1947. Today only a handful of chair artisans at the PP Mobler factory have full cutting skills. , processing and knitting the seat part.

mẫu ghế gỗ con công của wegner
The peacock chair by Wegner is still very popular to this day
  1. Ox Chair

Picasso was the inspiration for Hans J. Wegner to create and sculpt chairs. The Cow Chair is one of his typical works. Due to the technical difficulty of making the chair, the chair was eventually discontinued in 1962. Reproduction of this chair was restarted in 1985, with the application of new technology, but the chairs were original. looks more elegant and boldly handcrafted. The cow chair has won many prestigious awards and is exhibited around the world.

mẫu ghế con bò do wegner thiết kế
Ox Chair is made of leather with soft foam mattress

Ultimately, Hans Wegner’s legacy has had a profound impact on interior design, furniture making and working wonders to accentuate the appeal of Scandinavian interiors in general. His emphasis on chairs being comfortable to use, not just beautiful to look at, has marked him as a fit for what everyday consumers want in their homes.

He went down in history as one of the great masters of Scandi design. In particular, his Wishbone, Kennendy, or Elbow Chairs will continue to be favorites for future generations.

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