Home News Designers Architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe – “Father” of Minimalism style

Architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe – “Father” of Minimalism style

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe nhà thiết kế nổi tiếng

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe is a German architect, famous not only in his country, but also having a great influence on 20th century architecture worldwide. He is known for his “Less is More” view. Mies was a pioneer in the modern movement, and is considered the father of the minimalist architectural style (Minimalism). In this article, TOPnoithat will learn with you about Mies’ life and design career.

1. Summary of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

His birth name was Maria Ludwig Michael Mies. Born in Aachen, Germany on March 27, 1886.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe created a new twist with his architectural designs. He started out as a draftsman before rising up on his own. During World War I, Mies served in the German army. He later became a famous architect in Germany, creating such structures as the German Gallery for the Barcelona Exposition of 1929. In the late 1930s, Mies emigrated to the United States. . There he created famous Modernist works such as the Lakeside Apartments and the Seagram Building. He died in 1969.

2. Ludwig Mies .’s career

“Mies is one of the few architects of the 20th century who helped shape architecture today and into the future,” British architect Norman Foster commented of Mies.

The youngest of five children, Mies attended a local Catholic school, then received vocational training at the Gewerbeschule in Aachen. He further honed his skills by working with his stonemason father and through several apprenticeships.

While working as a draftsman, in 1906, Mies received his first commission for a residential design. He later worked for influential architect Peter Behrens, who taught the likes of Le Corbusier. In 1913, Mies established his own shop in Lichterfelde. He married Ada Bruhn that same year and the couple eventually had three daughters.

The outbreak of World War I in 1914 brought Mies’ career to a halt, and throughout the conflict he served in the German army, helping to build bridges and roads. Returning to his work after the war, Mies demonstrated his vision of a glass skyscraper, submitting the futuristic design for a competition in 1921. Around this time, Mies added “van der” Rohe” to his name, an adaptation of his mother’s maiden name. Helped his name become more “noble”.

3. Mies’ achievements in architecture

By the mid-1920s, Mies had become a leading avant-garde architect in Germany. He was a member of the radical art organization Novembergruppe, and later joined the Bauhaus movement. Founded by Walter Gropius, the Bauhaus movement embodied socialist ideals as well as a functional philosophy of art and design. (However, the Nazis found Bauhaus work in decline, and the group closed under political pressure.).

One of Mies’ most impressive works from this period is the German Pavilion he created for the Barcelona Exhibition in Spain. Built between 1928 and 1929, this exhibition structure is a modern marvel of glass, metal and stone. Despite his growing notoriety in Germany, in the late 1930s Mies left for America. Settling in Chicago, he ran the architecture school at what is now the Illinois Institute of Technology and also developed plans for the school’s campus.

Highly regarded in his field, Mies was the subject of a solo exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City in 1947. He also continues to be in demand as an architect. Architect, built the Lake Shore Drive Apartments in Chicago and the Seagram Building, New York City. A collaborative project with Philip C. Johnson, the 38-story skyscraper in dark metal and glass was completed in 1958.

4. Mies .’s “Less is more” view

Mies always believes that “Less is more” is simply understood as “the simpler the better”. That is also the motto of Minimalism that is very popular today. And in the last century, this concept of Mies is really quite new, he is considered a pioneer in the field of modern, minimalist architecture.

For nearly a decade, Mies’ minimalism has become increasingly popular and has influenced other architectural styles. His famous motto is “Less is More”, which is applied not only in architecture but also in all aspects of life.

German architect who began developing the Minimalist style in the 1920s, combining functionalist industrial concerns and an aesthetic trend towards minimally intersecting planes – rejecting the traditional system. . His new views on the organization of architectural space with new structures, new materials such as steel and glass to blur the boundaries between interior and exterior are very noticeable.

Take a look at the works designed and built by Mies from the 50s, 60s and 70s of the last century to see Mies’ vision of modern design. High-rise buildings with glass covering “pioneers” for later architectural designs. They look like new high-rise buildings built in the 21st century.

Architecture: Farnsworth House in Chicago.
Architecture: Farnsworth House in Chicago.

The floor is designed to be raised to avoid floods in this area. Surrounding the house are transparent glass panels, bringing a space in harmony with nature. The Farnsworth House is a prime example of minimalism. The design of the building became the inspiration for many later works.

Crown Hall
Crown Hall is a perfect combination of glass and steel, with a simple structure, exuding the openness of the building.

Considered by many to be Mies van Der Rohe’s masterpiece, Crown Hall is one of the most important pieces of architecture of the 20th Century Modernism movement. Crown Hall is a finest example of the result. steel and glass construction. During the 1950s when most architects used steel and glass structures, Mies van Der Rohe was able to make his work stand out by capturing the simplicity and openness of buildings. . Crown Hall was completed in 1956 during Mies van der Rohe’s tenure as director of IIT’s Department of Architecture.

Barcelona Gallery
Barcelona Gallery

It is an important building in the history of modern architecture, known for its simple form and spectacular use of lavish materials, such as marble, red onyx and travertine. The same characteristics of minimalism and spectacular can be applied to furniture specially designed for the building, including the Barcelona chair. It has inspired many important modernist buildings.

The Barcelona Chair – The Modern Throne. The chair is considered the "Rolex and Rolls-Royce" of the 20th century.
The Barcelona Chair – The Modern Throne. The chair is considered the “Rolex and Rolls-Royce” of the 20th century.

The Barcelona chair is a classic design by famous architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. This chair was first shown in the German exhibition booth during the International Exhibition of 1929 held in Barcelona, ​​Catalonia, Spain.

Its delicate shape draws inspiration from classic scissors and chairs dating back to 1500 BC. Van der Rohe spent a great deal of time sketching and testing this chair many times before it was presented and displayed at the Barcelona Exposition in Germany in 1929. Barcelona.

5. Mies’ legacy

One of Mies’ last projects was the New National Gallery in Berlin, where he received a commission from the West German government. Completed in 1968, the structure is a testament to his Modernist aesthetic. The two-story building has glass walls supported by an imposing metal frame.

After a lengthy battle with esophageal cancer, Mies died on August 17, 1969, in his hometown of Chicago. Many of his impressive works of architecture still stand today, wowing visitors with their innovative designs. Perhaps what has made his work so enduring is his progressive design philosophy. “I was trying to create an architecture for a technological society,” he told the New York Times. “I want to keep things logical and clear — to have an architecture that anyone can do.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe is a great designer and architect. He is considered to be the one who laid the foundation for modern interiors since the 20th century. Although he has gone far, he has left humanity with many massive works with unique architecture and historical significance in the design industry. architecture. The influence that his buildings have had now have a global impact.

Read more: The 20 Most Famous Interior Designers in the World

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